All teachers know that teaching phonemic awareness to young children is one of the most important things for enhancing young children’s reading and writing skills. Then, how they can teach? It is easy but it is not so simple. If children follow rules and instruction well, it will be easy and fun for young children. However, as many children do, when they get stock or are not interested in it, they might have hard time to learn phonemic awareness.
Knowing and understanding letters, sounds, and words are the basic things in developing phonemic awareness. When children are family with letters and sounds, they can make or read words and then sentences. Before teachers teach phonics to young children, they should assess what level they are and how much knowledge about phonics they have. Then, teachers can have systematical plans and instructions for each child. Because some children are good at phonics but some children are not. Therefore, even thought the time could be consuming, teachers need to assess individually. The important thing is that when children are wrong, teachers should think with reasonable guess and provide a lot of opportunities for practicing what they are learning. Finally, teachers can set up a shared reading and writing curriculum. For shared reading, teachers may use big books or overhead projections. For shared writing, children can learn some new rules from teachers and can develop to independent writing.